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Wednesday, March 6, 2013

Classification of Diabetes Mellitus


Diabetes is divided into 4 different classes:

1) Type 1 diabetes (results from beta-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency)
2) Type 2 diabetes (results from a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance)
3) Other specific types of diabetes due to other causes, e.g. genetic defects in beta-cell function, genetic defects in insulin action, diseases of the exocrine pancreas (such as cystic fibrosis, pancreatitis) and
drug- or chemical-induced (such as in the treatment of HIV/AIDS or after organ transplantation)
4) Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy that is not clearly overt diabetes).

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